Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)

OverviewM.B.B.S. or Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is an undergraduate medical degree course dealing with aspects of Medicine and Surgery. The word M.B.B.S. is derived from 'Medicinae Baccalaureus' (Bachelor of Medicine in Latin) and B.S. - 'Bachelor of Surgery' (in English). The course generally lasts for a period of 5 ½ years, which is divided into upto 9 semesters of 6 months each including an year of compulsory rotating internship. Candidates are provided with an in-depth understanding and knowledge of the entire human body, through both theoretical and practical classes. Practical experience can includes the dissection of bodies to observe the various types of surgeries performed by the modern medical professionals.This rigorous course is best suited for those who naturally have a scientific bent of mind and those with to serve mankind with the best of intentions. It is one of the most coveted and most popular medical course in the country. EligibilityCandidates aspiring to study M.B.B.S must have completed their Class 12 examination with a minimum aggregate of 50%(General Merit) and 40% (Reserved category) in the subjects of Physics, Chemistry, Biology from the respective Education board before admission.Candidates who have completed their Class 12 from a Correspondence/Open School will be not be eligible for M.B.B.S He/she must have completed an age of 17 years at the time of admission or will complete that age on or before 31st December in the year of his/her admission to the 1st year MBBS Course. As of December 2018, the upper age limit for M.B.B.S is 25 years with a relaxation of 5 years for the candidates belonging to SC/ST/OBC category and persons entitled for reservation under the Rights of Persons with Disabilities Act, 2016. Candidates who have passed B.Sc examination from an Indian University, subject to the condition that they must have passed the examination with not less than two of the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology (Botany, Zoology), in addition to this the candidate must have passed the earlier qualifying examination with the following subjects: Physics, Chemistry, Biology and English.Subjects Anaesthesiology Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery Specialisations Biochemistry Dermatology Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases E.N.T. (Ear, Nose and Throat) Forensic Medicine including Toxicology General Medicine General Surgery Human Physiology Including Bio-PhysicsIntroduction to Humanities Community Medicine Ophthalmology Orthopaedics Paediatrics Psychiatry Radiotherapy Tentative training period (as per MCI regulations) Every candidate has to mandatorily undergo a study period that extends to over 4 ½ years, which is divided into 9 semesters of roughly 6 months each. Each semester will consist of approximately 120 teaching days of 8 college working hours. This study period will be followed by a 1-year mandatory rotating internship. The study period of 4 ½ years are divided as follows : Phase I: This phase consists of pre-clinical subjects, followed by roughly 60 hours of study time for Community Medicine. The rest of the time shall be approximately divided between Anatomy and Physiology subjects along with Biochemistry. Phase II: This phase consists of paraclinical/clinical subjects which are normally taught simultaneously. The subjects in this phase are Pathology, Microbiology, Forensic Medicine (including Toxicology and some portions of Community Medicine) and Pharmacology. As per MCI, equal time must be alloted to Pathology, Forensic Medicine and Community Medicine, Pharmacology and Microbiology. Phase III: This phase is a continuation of the study of clinical subjects after completing Phase-1. The clinical subjects taught during Phase II and Phase III are Medicine (and allied specialities), Surgery (and allied specialities), Community Medicine, Gynaecology and Obstetrics. The rest of the time should be spent on lectures, demonstrations, group discussions and various informational seminars. Medicine (and allied specialities) include : General medicine. Pediatrics. Tuberculosis and chest. Skin. Sexually transmitted diseases. Psychiatry. Radio-diagnosis.Infectious diseases. Surgery (and allied specialities) include : General surgery. Orthopedics surgery (including Physiotherapy rehabilitation). Ophthalmology. Otorhinolaryngology. Anesthesia.Dentistry.Radiotherapy.Surgery (and allied specialities) include :Family medicine.Family welfare planning.Semester-I and Semester-II (approximately 120 days each) shall focus in Phase-I subjects (pre-clinical) and introduce the students to a wider understanding of the various perspectives of the medical education system, which ultimately leads to healthcare delivery. Students have to pass in all Phase-I subjects before joining Phase-II. The students are allowed 4 chances to clear Phase-I subjects which is to be completed in 3 years from the enrolment date.Once students have cleared all their pre-clinical subjects, they are moved to para-clinical subjects, along with clinical posting. In Phase-III both pre-clinical and para-clinical subjects will be integrated with clinical subjects when ever relevant.Didactic lectures should ideally not exceed 1/3rd of the time schedule. 2/3rd schedule should include clinical, practical and/or group discussions. This learning process must also include live experiences and focus on problem-oriented approach including case studies and community healthcare assignments.All Universities must organise admission timings and admission process in such a way that course teaching would start from August 1 of each year.Supplementary examination may be conducted with a time period of 6 months, the students who pass this are permitted to join the main batch. Those students who who do not pass this will have to appear once again in the next year’s supplementary examination.InternshipAn Internship is a period of training where a graduate is supposed to learn and acquire skills by practicing medicine and healthcare under supervision so that he/she has the ability to work independently. The allocation of a time period for each discipline is approximate and the candidate will be guided accordingly based on the actual experience gained. If a student is serving an internship in a rural district or in a emergency room of a taluk hospital, he/she may acquire skills in Surgery, Orthopedics, Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynaecology and Paediatrics during a single night on duty. To maximize the intern’s opportunities to practice skills in patient care, the responsible authorities will adjust the intern’s experience, given the approximation of time allocation Internship Time Duration (as per MCI website)Community Medicine:2 monthsMedicine(including 15 days of Psychiatry): 2 monthsSurgery(including 15 days Anaesthesia): 2 monthsObst./Gynae.(including Family Welfare Planning): 2 monthsPaediatrics: 1 monthOrthopaedics(including PMR):1 monthENT:15 daysOphthalmology: 15 daysCasualty:15 daysElective Postings (1 x 15 days):15 daysElective PostingsElective posting will include two of the following for 15 days in each subject.Dermatology and Sexually Transmitted Diseases.Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases.Radio-Diagnosis.Forensic Medicine.Blood Bank.Psychiatry.Employment opportunitiesBiomedical CompaniesHealth CentresHospitalsLaboratoriesMedical CollegesMedical Foundation/TrustNon-Profit OrganizationsNursing HomesPharmaceutical and Biotechnology CompaniesPolyclinicsPrivate PracticeResearch Institutes Job typesAnaesthetist or AnaesthesiologistBacteriologistCardiologistChief Medical Officer (CMO)ChiropodistClinical Laboratory ScientistDermatologistE.N.T. SpecialistEnterologistGastroenterologistGeneral PractitionerGeneral SurgeonGynaecologistHospital AdministratorMedical Admitting OfficerNeurologistNutritionistObstetricianOrthopaedistPaediatricianPathologistPhysicianPhysiologistPsychiatristRadiologistResident Medical Officer