Bachelors in Veterinary Science or B.V.Sc. is an undergraduate course which deals with the science involving Animals. Veterinary Science, this course in particular deals with the implementation of medical, diagnostic and therapeutic principles on various types of Animals. The duration of this course is roughly 5 years (broken down into 10 semesters) including an internship of 6 months, the exact duration may vary depending on the time period of the internship. The course can also be known as Bachelor’s in Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry or B.V.Sc. & AHB. Each institute has a different criteria for completing the course, for example: as per the Kerala Agricultural University the maximum duration for completing the course is 8 academic years (16 semesters).

The Veterinary Council of India is the recognized body established under the Ministry of Agriculture by the Government of India. To grant recognized veterinary qualifications which are to be issued by veterinary institutions the VCI sets minimum standards of veterinary education. The curriculum of this course includes theoretical and practical training in various disciplines. Various Agricultural Institutes in India provide Veterinary courses. An Individual upon the completion of this course is known as a ‘Veterinarian’. If you’re an animal lover, then this course is for you. An animal cannot verbally describe their pain and suffering which is why any aspiring candidate needs to be compassionate and caring towards animal behaviour to determine any form of pain or abnormal behaviour.


  • An aspiring candidate who wish to study the Veterinary course should have an aggregate of 50% in the qualifying examination in the subjects of English, Physics, Chemistry & Biology.
  • If the candidate belongs to SC/ST or any other special category of candidates as mentioned by the Government, then the marks to be eligible for admittance will be 10% less than the requirement in the general category. The admission to this course is done through NEET( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test).
  • The National Testing Agency conducts an Entrance Exam called NEET( National Eligibility cum Entrance Test for filling up of 15% of the total no. of seats under AIQ( All India Quota) and to get admitted into respective state universities.


  • Veterinary Anatomy
  • Veterinary Physiology and Biochemistry
  • Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
  • Veterinary Parasitology
  • Veterinary Microbiology
  • Veterinary Pathology
  • Veterinary Public Health and Epidemiology
  • Animal Nutrition
  • Animal Genetics and Breeding
  • Livestock Production Management
  • Livestock Products Technology
  • Veterinary Gynaecology and Obstetrics
  • Veterinary Surgery and Radiology
  • Veterinary Medicine
  • Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension Education


CourseTopicsAim and Objective
Comparative Osteology And ArthrologyTechnical terms, structure, chemical composition and classification of bones, Bones of axial skeleton of ox as a type and their comparison with those of horse, dog, pig and poultry, Classification and detailed study of different joints of the body.To make a student well versed with the bones and joints of different
Comparative SplanchnologyDescriptive anatomy of various organs of digestive system and associated glands of ox and their comparison with those of horse, dog, pig and poultry. Study of formation of thoracic, abdominal and pelvic cavities; reflection of the cavities, oesophagotomy, gastrotomy, rumenotomy, cystotomy, urethrotomy.To give a detailed overview of different systems constituting splanchnology.
Myology, Angiology, Neurology and Anesthesiology of OxClassification of muscle fibers, Origin, insertion and relations of muscles of different body parts, Topographic anatomy of the vascular system comprising of heart, arteries, veins and lymphatics, gross anatomy of various sense organs.The course gives a thorough knowledge about the muscles, course of blood vessels and nerves of an ox as a type animal.
Theory and Practice of Histological and Histochemical TechniquesPreparation of tissues for light microscopy using different fixatives, Different staining methods for routine light microscopy, Frozen sectioning techniques and staining methods for enzymes, carbohydrates, lipids, proteins, pigments etc.The course is to give exposure to methods of processing the tissues for research and teaching purposes.
General Histology and UltrastructureLight and ultrastructural details of animal cell, Light and ultrastructural details of epithelial tissue, ultrastructural details of muscular tissue, details of connective tissue and nervous tissue.It is studied to understand basic principles of light microscopy and light and ultrastructure of four basic tissues.
Developmental AnatomyGametogenesis, fertilization, cleavage and gastrulation, Development of foetal membranes and placenta in domestic animals, Histogenesis of nervous system, sense organs, endocrine organs and cardiovascular system, Embryonic development of digestive, respiratory, uro-genital and musculoskeletal system.To understand the developmental processes of different body systems at various stages of pregnancy.
Principles and Applications of BiomechanicsBiomechanics, its definition and scope with reference to anatomy and physiology of domestic animals and musculo-skeletal dynamics, Locomotion and clinical applications. Biomechanics of cortical and trabecular bones, Biomechanics of fracture fixation.To familiarize the student about the importance of biomechanics.

Course suitability

  • An aspiring candidates should be compassionate and loving which will enable them to read the symptoms from animal’s behaviour and diagnose the disease/ailment.
  • The candidate should be able to handle emergencies in rural areas where the working hours could be irregular and long, the candidates should be able to perform in the most unexpected conditions even if the conditions are uncomfortable.
  • The candidate should have the ability to make in depth observations and should be capable of adapting and work in the conditions with ease.
  • The candidate should be able understand the animal and relieve them from the pain.

Advantages of B.V.Sc

  • This course serves as a basis for further studies in the field of Veterinary Science through a masters degree i.e M.V.Sc. and a Doctorate i.e Ph.D or M.Phil. Once either of these courses are completed, you will be eligible to become a lecturer in any university/college.
  • Upon the completion of a Bachelor's degree in Veterinary Science, an Individual can apply for either a Master’s degree or a Doctorate degree in various specializations such as Animal Genetics & Breeding, Animal Nutrition, Animal Reproduction, Livestock Products Technology, Livestock Production & Management, Masters in Wildlife Science, Poultry Science, Veterinary Anatomy, Veterinary Medicine, Veterinary Microbiology, Veterinary Parasitology, Veterinary Pathology, Veterinary Pharmacology & Toxicology, Veterinary Physiology, Veterinary Biochemistry, Veterinary Surgery & Radiology, Veterinary Animal Husbandry Extension, Veterinary Public Health, etc.
  • If you love animals and are compassionate about them, thena B.V.Sc is a very suitable course for you.

Employment opportunities

  • Animal Resource Development under Panchayati Raj
  • Army - Remount Veterinary Corps
  • Banks
  • Biological Products or Vaccine Institutions
  • Biological Products and Vaccine Product Plants
  • Breeding Farms / Hatchery
  • BSF / Police
  • Central Farms
  • Clinical, Diagnostic & Investigation Centres attached to Veterinary Colleges and Research Institutes.
  • Consultancy
  • Corporate Bodies Eg. National Dairy Development Board, Milk Board and Milk Unions
  • Diagnostic Laboratories - Pathology, Biochemistry, Microbiology
  • Department of Animal Husbandry & Dairying
  • Disease Investigation Centres
  • Drug Research Institutions
  • Experimental Animal Unit
  • Experimental & Germ Free Animal Facilities attached to Veterinary & Medical Institutions.
  • Feed Processing Industry
  • I.C.A.R. - Indian Council of Agricultural Research
  • Ministry of Agriculture
  • Quarantine Units
  • Veterinary Hospitals
  • Veterinary Centres
  • Organised State Farms
  • Poultry Farms
  • Meat / Milk Processing Plants
  • Polyclinics
  • Public Health Laboratories
  • Teaching / Research / Extension in Veterinary College / Institutes / Universities
  • Para Veterinary Staff Training Schools
  • Local Bodies / Municipalities / Panchayats
  • Slaughter Houses/ Cattle Pounds / Public Health Laboratories
  • Zoos & Wildlife Centres
  • Race Clubs
  • Stud Farms
  • Veterinary Instruments / Equipment Industry
  • X-Ray and Ultra-Sound Facility

Job types

Veterinarians can choose to work in any concerned are be it with the government animal husbandry departments or poultry farms or dairy farms. The options are not limited here. Below are mentioned, plenty of employment areas.

  • Animal Care and Service Worker
  • Biological Scientist
  • Veterinary Researcher
  • Pharmacy Research Scientist
  • Veterinary Technologists and Technician
  • Private Practice
  • Lecturer
  • Veterinary Consultant
  • Partner, Assistant to Practitioner
  • Senior Medical Representative
  • Veterinarian / Veterinary Doctor
  • Veterinary Surgeon
  • Associate Scientific Manager
  • Manager Animal Farm